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Shadid Award

Goldman, Apuzzo, Bridis and AP are 2014 recipients of the Center for Journalism Ethics’ Shadid Award


2014 Shadid Award Winner:

Associated Press: Adam Goldman, Matt Apuzzo and Ted Bridis

Missing American in Iran was on unapproved mission

The AP’s Adam Goldman received a tip from a confidential source that turned out to be the story of an American who disappeared in 2007 on what the U.S. government always maintained was a private business trip to Iran had actually been working for the CIA. The American, Robert Levinson, had been dispatched on an unapproved intelligence gathering mission by rogue analysts. The CIA had lied about its involvement to Congress, the FBI and the White House then – after it was caught – the CIA paid Levinson’s family $2.5 million not to reveal the truth publicly.

Adam Golman and Matt Apuzzo dug into the story over the next few months. Their reporting included obtaining documents and interviewing dozens of U.S. and foreign officials, as well as Levinson’s family members.

The AP approached high level U.S. officials several times to inform them that the AP would be publishing the story in the near future. However, each time, the officials encouraged the AP to delay publishing the story, as it might endanger Levinson or compromise promising leads to find him.

As the AP waited, rival news sources began looking into the story. But, the AP would not let pressure from the competition compromise its ethical standards. The news organization carefully vetted every new piece of the story before publishing the story to ensure it did not include any false information.

Finally-while still under pressure from U.S. officials, which urged the AP not to publish the story-the AP, decided to publish the Levinson story.

“Publishing articles that help the public hold their government to account is part of what journalism is for, and especially so at The Associated Press, which pursues accountability journalism whenever it can,” Executive Editor Kathleen Carroll said in the award nomination. “This seems particularly true on this subject at a time when the decisions of intelligence agencies are being extensively debated.”

The AP understood, and said so publicly, that its decision to reveal Levinson’s secret could hasten his release but also might cost Levinson his life.

In January, Levinson’s wife publicly confirmed the AP’s reporting. The family’s lawyer said: “There is no further value in continuing to deny what everyone in the world knows to be the truth.”

The Center for Journalism Ethics honors Adam Goldman, Matt Apuzzo, Ted Bridis and the Associated Press for their commitment to this story, and its ethical implications, and is pleased to award them with the 2014 Anthony Shadid Award for Journalism Ethics.

2014 Shadid Award Finalists:

Minnesota Public Radio: Madeleine Baran, Sasha Aslanian, Mike Cronin, Tom Scheck, Laura Yuen and Meg Martin

Betrayed by Silence

Minnesota Public Radio exposed a major sex abuse scandal within the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis after receiving an anonymous tip from a former official at the organization. MPR’s reporting team of Madeleine Baran, Sasha Aslanian, Mike Cronin, Tom Scheck, Laura Yuen and Meg Martin obtained thousands of documents detailing how the archdiocese covered up decades of sexual abuse involving children. Lead reporter Madeleine Baran conducted nearly 100 hours of individual interviews with the whistleblower.

MPR carefully considered the ethical implications of reporting information from documents that included full names of child victims and internal Church memos hiding the names of the priests, providing secret payments to pedophiles and other illegal activities. MPR published seven major investigative reports that led to a judge ordering the archdiocese and a diocese in southern Minnesota to release the names of credibly accused priests.

MPR provided the following comments in the award nomination regarding the story and its dedication to ethics:

Betrayed by Silence is the most ambitious journalism project ever undertaken by MPR News. The reporting team of Madeleine Baran, Sasha Aslanian, Mike Cronin, Tom Scheck, Laura Yuen and Meg Martin has been vigilant in adhering to the highest standards of ethics in journalism. Faith, reputations and fortunes are at stake. We have been respectful yet firm with an institution that resists outside scrutiny. We have been delicate, yet assertive, in taking on two deeply private realms of human existence: religion and sexuality. We have striven to report the truth with care, rigor, independence and humility.

USA TODAY: Paul Overberg, Meghan Hoyer, Jodi Upton, Destin Fraiser, Jerry Mosemak, Anthony DeBarros and Jodi Upton

Behind the Bloodshed: The Untold Story of America’s Mass Killings

Even before the Newtown, Conn. killings, a collaborative USA TODAY data team dedicated itself to correct the public’s inaccurate view of mass killings—often created by the FBI and other organizations misreporting mass killing data. The team, which included: database editors Paul Overberg and Meghan Hoyer, senior database editor Jodi Upton, Gannett Digital designers Destin Fraiser and Jerry Mosemak, Gannett Digital director of interactive applications Anthony DeBarros and USA TODAY senior database editor Jodi Upton, worked together to design, research, interview survivors and the victims’ families and publish an online interactive that better defined mass killings and detailed FBI data of actual mass killings from 2006 to 2011 was only 61 percent accurate.

Before speaking with survivors and families of the victims, the team spoke with trauma experts to ensure they approached the issue with sensitivity. The team was made sure to avoid adding trauma to the situation, as the interactive did not name or provide specific ages of victims or survivors and included just one photo of a victim and one of a survivor. The Army’s 2nd Psychological Operations Group contacted USA TODAY to use the data for training, since it was more complete than other available reports.

“USA TODAY covers breaking news as all news outlets do, but we try to avoid the ‘If It Bleeds, It Leads’ mentality that, unfortunately attract many readers. This project was a lot more work and we were not first, but we felt it was more important for both victims and survivors to be right,” said Upton in the award nomination.

Propublica: Michael Grabell

Temp Land

While reporting on the recession, Michael Grabell, a reporter for ProPublica, discovered a harrowing series of abuses against temp workers in the U.S.—revealing an industry-wide problem of exploitation and other offenses against workers who had been laid off from factory jobs and were only able to find work through temp agencies or as independent contractors.

“I wanted to learn more about this growing ‘contingent’ workforce and set out to learn everything I could through data and on-the-ground reporting,” Grabell said.

Through interviews with over 100 temp workers across the U.S., Grabell saw much of the injustice first-hand.

Early on, I came across a group of immigrant laborers in Chicago who were getting on a school bus at 4:30 a.m. on a cold January morning. All they knew was that a labor broker named “Rigo” told them there was work at a place called los peluches — Spanish for the stuffed animals — and to meet in the alleyway behind the dental clinic. It turned out they were working through one of the largest temp agencies in the United States for one of the largest stuffed animal manufacturers in the world.

My editors and I struggled with how to expose abuses that could only be documented through on-the-record interviews and how to balance the fears of workers living a neighborhood where the labor market is largely controlled by these labor brokers.

Grabell also interviewed labor brokers, temp agency employees, worker advocates and others in the temp industry. After obtaining workers compensation claims, he discovered that temp employee were six times more likely to be hurt on the job than regular employees with similar jobs.

Many of the workers — and the other temp workers we wrote about in the series –  were afraid they wouldn’t be sent out by the temp agency anymore if they talked.
‘I would be homeless if they found out who I am,’ one woman said. Another explained that after the reporters left and the story was published, ‘I still have to live in this neighborhood.’ This is why many of the interviews were conducted in the early morning hours or late at night and why many of the workers remained on background. One interview was conducted entirely in whispers as the woman feared her neighbors in the next apartment would overhear. During another interview, one man simply got up and left, telling a reporter in a text message that he feared he had been seen by a labor broker’s sons.

“Thankfully, after multiple trips to Chicago, I gained the workers’ trust and many had the courage to go on the record. After the stories, several temp agencies changed their practices,” Grabell said.

The Illinois and federal labor departments have launched a joint initiative to investigate issues temp workers face on the job, and have since opened investigations into three temp agencies for issues Grabell wrote about.

Stephanie Mencimer, writing for Washington Monthly

The War of Rape

Stephanie Mencimer set out to set the record straight about an alleged 2005 rape incident that happened in Iraq and involved U.S. citizens and a private contractor.

The story of Jamie Leigh Jones, a contractor in Iraq working for the Kellogg, Brown & Root (KBR) private contractor company and her personal account in 2007 of how she was raped by a gang of coworkers in 2005, created a media firestorm and national outcry regarding the regulation of U.S. companies involved in the Iraq War.

Media coverage fueled a national discussion and prompted Congress to get involved. Sen. Al Franken (D-Minn.) to introduce and pass legislation on the victims behalf, which banned the Pentagon from contracting with companies that require employees to arbitrate sexual assault claims rather than appear in a jury trial.

However, when Jones was finally granted a jury trial in 2011, a Houston jury found no evidence that Jones’ story had ever happened. The jury had reviewed evidence that reporters, who earlier sensationalized her claims, never fully examined. The media fell silent and few media outlets covered the verdict.

“From start to finish, this piece is an exercise in accountability. It takes to task the media and Congress in one strong piece based on solid, verifiable documentation,” Mencimer said.

Mencimer sifting through court documents, State Department reports and expert witness testimony, seeking to report what the mainstream media left out. But, to minimize harm, Mencimer decided not to disclose the family’s mental health history.

Throughout her reporting, Menicmer emphasized the value of accountability and her dedicated to the highest standards of journalism. Mencimer commented:

My story was an attempt to set the record straight. It took apart Jones’ story and exposed just how little of it was true–and how the American media failed to correct the original narrative, possibly in part because the real story was uncomfortable and challenged a lot of conventional wisdom.

Mencimer received some backlash from people, stating her story would hinder efforts to maintain actual victims with access to the court system, but Menicmer argued she was a journalist – not an advocate – and people had the right to know Jones’ story.

A graduate of the UW-Madison, Anthony Shadid died in 2012 while crossing the Syrian border on a reporting assignment for the New York Times. He won two Pulitzer Prizes for his courageous and insightful foreign correspondence. Shadid sat on the ethics center’s advisory board and strongly supported its efforts to promote public interest journalism and to stimulate discussion about journalism ethics.

The award, which now carries a $1,000 prize, honors a journalist, or team of journalists, whose reporting on a specific story or series best exemplifies four key criteria: accountability, independence, and commitment to finding truth and to minimizing harm. In its first five years of awards, the ethics center limited nominations to journalists in Wisconsin, but this year expanded the scope nationwide.

[Photo by Jentri Colello for UW Center for Journalism Ethics].

fair use In the news

Getty Images changes the game by allowing free non-commercial use of some 35 million images

Getty Images website via British Journal of Photogrpahy

Reporting for the British Journal of Photography, Olivier Laurent details how Getty Images is introducing a game-changing policy that allows free non-commercial use for a large portion of its digital photography library:

The controversial move is set to draw professional photographers’ ire at a time when the stock photography market is marred by low prices and under attack from new mobile photography players. Yet, Getty Images defends the move, arguing that it’s not strong enough to control how the Internet has developed and, with it, users’ online behaviours.

“We’re really starting to see the extent of online infringement,” says Craig Peters, senior vice president of business development, content and marketing at Getty Images. “In essence, everybody today is a publisher thanks to social media and self-publishing platforms. And it’s incredibly easy to find content online and simply right-click to utilise it.”

: : :

To solve this problem, Getty Images has chosen an unconventional strategy. “We’re launching the ability to embed our images freely for non-commercial use online,” Peters explains. In essence, anyone will be able to visit Getty Images’ library of content, select an image and copy an embed HTML code to use that image on their own websites. Getty Images will serve the image in a embedded player – very much like YouTube currently does with its videos – which will include the full copyright information and a link back to the image’s dedicated licensing page on the Getty Images website.

BJP offers this editorial note at the end of the article:  BJP will analyse the full impact of today’s news in a series of articles to be published later today and this week. Stay tuned.

Read the entire article here.

Updated 3.5.2014 10:30 CST:

There’s a lively discussion going on regarding the Getty Images policy change under a post by  Russell Brandom at The Verge.  Read it here.

Shadid Award

Nominations for the 2014 Shadid Award for Journalism Ethics now open

The University of  Wisconsin-Madison Center for Journalism Ethics seeks applications for the first national Anthony Shadid Award for Journalism Ethics.

A graduate of the University of Wisconsin, Shadid died in 2012 while crossing the Syrian border on a reporting assignment for the New York Times.  He won two Pulitzer Prizes for his courageous and insightful foreign correspondence.  Shadid sat on the ethics center’s advisory board and strongly supported its efforts to promote public interest journalism and to stimulate discussion about journalism ethics.

The center will award $1,000 to the journalist (or team) whose reporting on a specific story or series best exemplifies seeking and reporting truth, minimizing harm, acting independently, and remaining accountable.

“In its first five years of awards, the ethics center emphasized its Wisconsin roots and sought nominations from the state,” says Robert Drechsel, the James E. Burgess chair in journalism ethics. “We now are expanding nationwide, proud to recognize Anthony’s deep and broad impact on journalism and its ethical practice.”

Nominations are due March 3, 2014, and self-nominations are welcomed.

Nomination Guidelines 

  • We seek nominations for ethical decisions in reporting stories in any medium, including, print, broadcast, and digital, by those working for established news organizations or publishing individually.  We prefer stories reported in the 2013 calendar year, but will consider older stories if the ethical decision centered on a decision not to publish information that remains sensitive.

    The nominating letters should focus solely on the ethical decisions made in reporting the stories, organized around the four principles in the Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics:

    1.  Seek Truth and Report it.  “Journalists should be honest, fair and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.”

    How did the reporting surmount any barriers – political, economic, institutional, personal – encountered? How did the reporting ensure fairness while identifying truth?

    2. Minimize Harm. “Ethical journalists treat sources, subjects and colleagues as human beings deserving of respect.”

    What decisions, if any, were made to protect the interests of innocent individuals and of the broader community?

    3. Act Independently. “Journalists should be free of obligation to any interest other than the public’s right to know.”

    How did the decision-makers acknowledge and deal with their own biases about the story covered?  With pressures, if any, brought to bear from the outside?

    4. Be Accountable. “Journalists are accountable to their readers, listeners, viewers and each other.”

    How did the decision makers acknowledge and respond to any criticism of their work?

    Letters of nomination must include:

    1. The name and contact information of the nominator and their relationship to the story, and the identity of the reporter or reporting team that produced the report.

    2.  A brief description of the story and a link to it on-line.

    3.  One or more paragraphs for each of the four principles in the SPJ code as it applies to this story.  Paragraphs may vary greatly in length, recognizing that all four principles are unlikely to be equally pertinent to any story, but each deserves at least a sentence and others deserve detailed elaboration.

    Nomination Letters should be saved in pdf format and attached to an e-mail to

    Deadline for submissions is Monday, March 3, 2014

[Nomination guidelines revised January 31, 2014]




Learning from Grantland’s Dr. V story: When reporting for a niche loses context in the grips of a network effect

Much has already been written about the ethical questions raised in the wake of Grantland’s January 15th story by Caleb Hannan entitled Dr. V’s Magical Putter.  The article itself has been updated to include a letter from Grantland’s editor as well as a guest opinion “detailing the problems with this piece as they relate to transgender issues”, both linked at the ropy of the story.

Writing for Gigaom, Matthew Ingram takes a forensic look at how the story — and the story of the story — unfolded, as well as what lessons may be learned form it.

Within a matter of hours after it was published and tweeted by its author, the Vanderbilt story was being posted and criticized by hundreds, if not thousands, of outraged readers — including many from the transgender community — who found Hannan’s treatment of Vanderbilt’s sexuality callous and offensive, and blamed him for what they saw as his role in her death.

Read Ingram’s entire piece here.


Testing school security, KSDK-TV reporter triggers lockdown

It may be a case of the end justifying the means.  If so, which end matters more:  Exposure of a significant security flaw at a local high school, or the stress and expense brought on by a 40 minute campus lockdown when the station did not immediately confirm its involvement?

Yesterday (Thursday, January 16, 2014), a NewsChannel 5 reporter for KSDK-TV tried unsuccessfully to gain entrance to four other area schools before walking into Kirkwood High School in suburban St. Louis.  The unauthorized visitor gave his name and mobile number to a school secretary before leaving.

Writing for the St. Louis Post-Dispactch, Jessica Bock and Kevin McDermott report that school administrators recognize the incident identified security deficiencies, yet also point out the impact KSDK’s delay in confirming its role in the lockdown had on students, staff and parents.

“We learned some things from this, but we are still dismayed that a call was not given after to let us know this was a test,” Cayce said. “We could have prevented the alarm to our parents, students and staff.”

The KSDK reporter initially gave his name and cellphone number and when the Kirkwood High secretary left to get the school resource officer, the man left the office, Cayce said. Administrators became alarmed when he asked the location of a restroom, left the office, but went a different direction.

When they called his cellphone, he did not answer, but his voicemail said he was a KSDK reporter. Cayce said she tried three times to confirm with the news station that the man was actually with KSDK with no success.

According to the Post-Dispatch article, KSDK-TV moved to head off criticism in advance of airing the investigative report during its 10pm edition, broadcasting a statement during early evening newscasts.

“This lockdown certainly was not the intent of our visit,” KSDK said in the statement, pointing out that the lockdown didn’t happen for an hour until after the reporter left. The station says the reporter “identified himself by name” to school officials. However, KSDK didn’t claim that he identified himself as a reporter.

“NewsChannel 5 will continue to be vigilant when it comes to the safety of our schools and your children within,” KSDK said.

The KSDK-TV report can be viewed here.

The entire St. Louis Post-Dispatch article can be read here.

Kristen Hare (@KristenHare) of Poynter also reports on the incident, under the headline “St. Louis TV station causes school lockdown, pisses off everyone.”  That article can be read here






In the news Uncategorized

Sorry, but making a few edits to a copyrighted photograph doesn’t give you the right to claim the image as your own.

Chris Lee photo theft

Editing and filtering images has never been easier.  Even those that find Photoshop too much of a challenge can dabble with image editing using simple tools built into apps like iPhoto and Instagram.   But making a few edits and changing the background shouldn’t mean you own the new image.  A St. Louis Post-Dispatch photographer found himself arguing this point with a person he discovered to be appropriating his work, including the addition of a watermark crediting his own Twitter handle (below, from .

Chris Lee stolen image Twitter

On his site, Jim Romenesko details the back-and-forth between photographer Chris Lee and St. Louis Rams fan Alvin Lawrence over Lee’s purloined image of Rams player Robert Quinn.  Lawrence apparently claimed ownership of the image when he sent  a framed version to Quinn, shown at top in a screen grab from Twitter posted on   From Romenesko’s post:

A few days after Christmas, Lee saw an Instagram photo of Rams star Robert Quinn holding one of his photos that had been enlarged and framed. In the comments next to the photo, the Rams player wrote that “a guy specially made it for me but idk [I don't know] maybe he will do one for you.” Fans asked Quinn who they should contact to get their own framed prints.

A short time later, Lawrence – Mr. @stlramsphotos – tweeted: “I’ve gotten over 20+ offers from people to buy that Quinn photo off of me… Biggest offer being, $350. Wow. I’m just doing this for fun lol.”

It appears the Post-Dispatch as well as the AP, who also had an image appropriated by Lawrence, have yet to take any legal action though Lee is reportedly filing copyright infringement complaints with Twitter and Instagram on his own.

Read the entire story here.

In the news

Interactive storytelling reflects both new opportunities and new challenges for 21st century journalism

As is often the case each year in the last days of December, many retrospectives and lists are  being published this week.  We are treated to summaries, galleries, lists, and “the year in” stories.

Yesterday published a collection titled “2013: The Year in Interactive Storytelling.”  The lengthy post offers a portfolio that includes examples of multimedia stories, data visualization, explanatory graphics, breaking news, and visual and interactive features.

nyt1One can easily spend hours with this body of work.  To review it is to see both opportunities and challenges for journalists.  With entirely new ways of telling stories, we likely will face new ethical questions.  A review of these examples from the New York Times offer both examples of strong interactive work as well as inspiration for anticipating the evolving ethical challenges journalists face as we try to keep up with technology.

From frosty Madison, Wisconsin (currently enjoying snow and a temperature of zero degrees Fahrenheit), the staff of the Center for Journalism Ethics wishes you a very successful, productive and ethical new year.

View the New York Times’ 2013 interactive storytelling portfolio here.

+++Updated 12.31.2013 2:30CST+++

Writing on Groundswell, Josh Stearns (the journalism and public media campaign director at Free Press) offers his list of the best interactive storytelling for 2013.

As I created my 2013 list however, I saw much more data journalism and an increasing use of tools that engaged readers or rethought the basic flow of storytelling for a more participatory audience.

Read Stearns’ entire post here.


2013: The year of the Internet hoax?

Sometimes you just want to believe.   And sometimes you can’t help but believe.

Maybe it’s the kid inside all of us.  Maybe it’s the skill of a person who produced reality TV and knows how to lay out a hoax that can take in those of us who are self-described cynics.

In any case, this year seemed to be one with far too many Internet hoaxes to count.  As NPR’s Arun Rath reports, this year Internet hoaxes had us clicking for more.

A lot of people and some news organizations were fooled by Internet hoaxes this year. From that twerking girl who caught on fire to the TV producer going to war with the rude lady in seat 7A to the not-very-poor blogger who so eloquently wrote about living in poverty. So many of these stories have taken hold, 2013 has been called the year of the Internet hoax.

If you’ve been taken in, take heart. Grantland writer Tess Lynch says you are not alone.

People will always be susceptible to hoaxes.  Hopefully journalists can resist the temptation to advance them and instead follow their inner skeptic and ask some questions before helping give perpetrators their 15 minutes of fame.

Read the transcript here.

Listen to the audio story here.


In the news

For 60 Minutes, a dubious honor for a journalistic failure that won’t go away quietly as Poynter lists the best and worst media errors for 2013

Anyone having a passing acquaintance with current events probably knows that CBS News and its  iconic program 60 Minutes have had a rough year.  To further add to a year the network would like to forget, 60 Minutes’ Benghazi debacle has been named by the Poynter Institute as the “2013 Error of the Year.”

Writing for Poynter, Craig Silverman notes that it wasn’t just the fact that 60 Minutes, arguably the most respected television news magazine, got duped that won them this dubious honor.  As problematic, it only took other news organizations a few days to take the story apart and expose significant flaws.

CBS News was not alone.  Silverman goes on to list many other notable errors and corrections (some disturbing; others amusing).  Read the entire article here.

In the news

Nieman Lab: What will journalism look like in 2014?

The folks at Harvard’s Nieman Journalism Lab have rounded up several opinions regarding what we can expect for journalism in the coming year:

“To close out 2013, we asked some of the smartest people we know to predict what 2014 will bring for the future of journalism. Here’s what they had to say.”

The series, which has been updating daily, concludes Friday, December 20.  Read the many entries here.